The Abortion Flowchart (The case from Science)

What is Abortion, and what is it not? The Pro-life position is that Abortion is the murder of a human being, but is this true? The pro-Choice side argues that a woman should be able to decide what happens to her own body, that a fetus is merely a mass of cells, and that contraception is a woman’s right- that she should be able to choose if she reproduces or not. Let’s look at some of the basic facts of biology and genetics to understand what can be said about abortion based on medical and biological facts.  

Can men get abortions?

No. Men do not have uteruses and cannot get pregnant.
Only women can get abortions.

Can ANY woman get an abortion?

No. Only pregnant women can get an abortion.
Thus abortion is not a form of contraception.
It does not stop a pregnancy from happening, it terminates a pregnancy which already has occurred.

What is Pregnancy?

When a fetus is in the woman’s uterus.

Living or dead?


Thus, abortion is the removal of a still living fetus from a woman’s uterus.

Does abortion allow the fetus live outside of the woman’s body?

No- the abortion is intended to terminate the fetus while still inside the woman’s body.

Thus an abortion is intended to cause a living fetus inside a woman’s body to become a dead fetus, the remnants of which are removed and disposed of outside of a woman’s body.

Thus- an abortion is NOT a C-Section (Cesarean delivery).
The removal of a stillborn (or, already dead) fetus is NOT an abortion.

What is a fetus?

It is a mass of cells. Does this definition work?

A Tumor is a mass of cells. Is a fetus a tumor?


Is there any living thing on earth (excluding microbes for obvious reasons) that is not a mass of cells- including the woman who is getting the abortion?

No. Thus this definition fails.

What is a fetus?

It is a developing zygote.

What is a zygote?
It is a fetus at an earlier stage of development.
So this definition also fails to explain what a fetus is.

What is a fetus?

It is a baby at an earlier stage of development.

What separates a BABY from a fetus?

A baby has been born (it is outside of the mother’s body), and it is not (yet) legal to kill a baby.

What are the biological differences between a Baby and a fetus?

Heartbeat and brain waves?

Skeletal and cardio-pulmonary system?

Ability to interact with environment and react to stimuli?

Fingers and toes?

Biologically the only difference between a fetus and a baby is that the baby uses its lungs to get oxygen into its blood stream, where as a fetus is receiving oxygen through the placental chord. *

A zygote, fetus, and baby are all the same thing, just as baby, toddler, tween, teen, and adult are. 

Is an unborn baby (fetus) alive?
What does it mean to be “Alive”?

Living things display certain characteristics that may be absent from material objects.

MRS GREN is an acronym often used to help remember all the necessary features of living organisms:

Movement, Respiration, Sensitivity, Growth, Reproduction, Excretion and Nutrition.

ALL living things do these things- plants and animals, including single celled microbes such as bacteria. Once a living thing stops performing these functions and begins to decay, we identify it as dead.

According to medical science and the biological definition of what it means to be alive, is a human a living thing from the moment of conception?


A zygote, fetus, and baby are all the same thing, just as baby, toddler, tween, teen, and adult are. Are they human?

Is it fully human from the moment of conception?

According to modern understanding of genetics, the DNA of a living thing distinguishes not only the species of a cell, but the individual to which it belongs. This means that, from the moment of conception, a human is not only FULLY human, but is a unique human being, distinct from his or her own mother.

Is a fetus ever part of his or her mother’s body?

No. Once the egg is fertilized, it is no longer part of the mother’s body and becomes a unique, living human being. It is not a part of any of the biological systems of the mother’s body, and is treated as a foreign object by her own immune system.

Does an abortion at the earliest stages of pregnancy cause a living thing to die?


Is that living thing fully human?


So is an abortion the intentional killing of a human life?


Is an abortion something a woman does to her own body?

No. The fetus/zygote/baby is not a part of her body, and thus the abortion does not happen TO Her body. It happens to the body of her baby- specifically it kills her baby.

In summary- an abortion is the intentional killing of a living human being.

It is NOT a procedure which is done TO a pregnant woman, but only INSIDE of her.

It is not a form of contraception.

It is murder.

Thus, pro-Choice is Pro-the choice to murder an innocent, living human being.

Please share this with your family and friends who may need a brief, scientific description of the abortion debate.

*The average pregnancy lasts 40 weeks, but fetuses have been born as early as 21 weeks old and survived, and even after 40 weeks a baby will continue to develop for many years- into adulthood depending on one’s perspective of development. Thus, even the age of the developing baby is not a defining difference, nor is the fact that it is continuing to develop. The only clear defining difference between what is traditionally called “baby” or “fetus” is the use of lungs for breathing air. The difference becomes a semantic one beyond this one fact.  

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